Glaucoma is the leading cause of preventable blindness in the U.S. It is the leading cause of blindness in African-Americans and Hispanics.
Glaucoma is a condition that may lead to vision loss. It occurs when pressure inside the eye increases, causing damage to the optic nerve. Glaucoma can develop over time without any symptoms – you may not have vision loss until the disease has progressed.
The best way to prevent vision loss from glaucoma is through regular eye exams. During your exam, tests for visual acuity, eye pressure, and visual field will help to diagnose this condition. Once detected, glaucoma can be controlled with prescription eye drops, laser therapy or surgery. With treatment, further vision loss can be prevented.
Who is at risk for glaucoma?
Anyone can develop this disease. Some people are at higher risk than others. They include:
- African-Americans over age 40.
- Everyone over age 60, especially Mexican-Americans.
- People with a family history of glaucoma.
- Among African-Americans, studies show that glaucoma is:
- Five times more likely to occur in African-Americans than in Caucasians.
- About four times more likely to cause blindness in African-Americans than in Caucasians.
- Fifteen times more likely to cause blindness in African-Americans between the ages of 45-64 than in Caucasians of the same age group.
Early diagnosis and treatment are your best defense against this condition. Vision loss through glaucoma is preventable when the disease is detected early on. Although glaucoma can develop without symptoms, occasionally symptoms do occur. Schedule an appointment as soon as possible if you notice blurred vision, loss of peripheral vision, halo effects around lights and painful or reddened eyes.
Did you know that Glaucoma…
- is one of the most common eye disorders in people over 60.
- is responsible for 15% of adult blindness in the US
- often causes no symptoms until late in the disease
- is easily detected by regular, routine eye exams.
- can be treated easily with early diagnosis.
- can be made worse by use of medications containing cortisone, including asthma inhalers.
Dr. Scott provides expert treatment, with routine checks on the health of the optic nerve and the intra-ocular pressure to detect any changes. Regular visual field tests will also be performed to chart your range of vision. If medicated drops are not sufficiently controlling your glaucoma, he may recommend a surgical procedure.
Surgical Solutions: If medication is not enough to treat your glaucoma Dr Scott will advise and customize surgical options to lower eye pressure.
- Laser Peripheral Iridotomy (LPI) – for narrow angle glaucoma
- Selective Laser Trabeculoplasty (SLT) -improves the flow of fluid in the eye, which lowers pressure
- Filtering Microsurgery (Trabeculectomy) – creates a new drainage passage
- Tube Shunt Surgery – for patients with neovascular glaucoma, or those who have issues with developing scar tissue.
Let us help you prevent vision loss. Visit our office for early detection of glaucoma.